Developing Provisioning Plugins

Here is an example of how to develop a provisioning plugin for Digium phones. You can find all the code on Github.

Phone Analysis

Here’s a non-exhaustive list of what a phone may or may not support:

  • Language
  • Timezone
  • UTF-8
  • Reboot of the phone (SIP notify ?)
  • Simple call
  • Blind transfer
  • Attended transfer
  • Firmware upgrade
  • Multiple lines
  • DTMF (RTP ? SIP ?)
  • MWI (voicemail indication)
  • Voicemail button
  • Call on hold
  • Function keys
  • Call interception (with BLF)
  • NTP

DHCP Configuration

In xivo-provd-plugins/provisioning/dhcpd-update/dhcp/dhcpd_update:

group {
    option tftp-server-name = concat(config-option VOIP.http-server-uri, "/Digium");
    class "DigiumD40" {
        match if substring(option vendor-class-identifier, 0, 10) = "digium_D40";
        log(concat("[", binary-to-ascii(16, 8, ":", hardware), "] ", "BOOT Digium D40"));
    class "DigiumD50" {
        match if substring(option vendor-class-identifier, 0, 10) = "digium_D50";
        log(concat("[", binary-to-ascii(16, 8, ":", hardware), "] ", "BOOT Digium D50"));
    class "DigiumD70" {
        match if substring(option vendor-class-identifier, 0, 10) = "digium_D70";
        log(concat("[", binary-to-ascii(16, 8, ":", hardware), "] ", "BOOT Digium D70"));

In xivo-provd-plugins/provisioning/dhcpd-update/dhcp/dhcpd_subnet.conf.middle:

# Digium
allow members of "DigiumD40";
allow members of "DigiumD50";
allow members of "DigiumD70";

You can check the logs in /var/log/syslog:

dhcpd: [1:0:f:d3:5:48:48] [VENDOR-CLASS-IDENTIFIER: digium_D40_1_1_0_0_48178]
dhcpd: [1:0:f:d3:5:48:48] POOL VoIP
dhcpd: [1:0:f:d3:5:48:48] BOOT Digium D40
dhcpd: DHCPDISCOVER from 00:0f:d3:05:48:48 via eth0
dhcpd: DHCPOFFER on to 00:0f:d3:05:48:48 via eth0
dhcpd: [1:0:f:d3:5:48:48] [VENDOR-CLASS-IDENTIFIER: digium_D40_1_1_0_0_48178]
dhcpd: [1:0:f:d3:5:48:48] POOL VoIP
dhcpd: [1:0:f:d3:5:48:48] BOOT Digium D40
dhcpd: DHCPREQUEST for ( from 00:0f:d3:05:48:48 via eth0
dhcpd: DHCPACK on to 00:0f:d3:05:48:48 via eth0

Update the DHCP configuration

To upload the new DHCP configuration on, in xivo-provd-plugins/dhcpd-update:

make upload

To download the DHCP configuration on the Wazo server, run:

dhcpcd-update -d

Plugin creation

In xivo-provd-plugins/plugins, create the directory tree:



# -*- coding: UTF-8 -*-

from subprocess import check_call

@target('', 'xivo-digium-')
def build_1_1_0_0(path):
    check_call(['rsync', '-rlp', '--exclude', '.*',
                'common/', path])
    check_call(['rsync', '-rlp', '--exclude', '.*',
                '', path])


    "version": "0.3",
    "description": "Plugin for Digium D40, D50 and D70 in version",
    "description_fr": "Greffon pour Digium D40, D50 et D70 en version",
    "capabilities": {
        "Digium, D40,": {
            "sip.lines": 2
        "Digium, D50,": {
            "sip.lines": 4
        "Digium, D70,": {
            "sip.lines": 6


# -*- coding: UTF-8 -*-
common = {}
execfile_('', common)
class DigiumPlugin(common['BaseDigiumPlugin']):
    IS_PLUGIN = True
    pg_associator = common['DigiumPgAssociator'](VERSION)

In, put the informations needed to download the firmwares:

description: Firmware for all Digium phones
description_fr: Micrologiciel pour tous les téléphones Digium
files: firmware
install: digium-fw

a-b: untar $FILE1
b-c: cp */*.eff firmware/

size: 100111361
sha1sum: 1d44148b996eaf270fd35995f3c5d69ff0438c5b

In common/, put the code needed to extract informations about the phone:

class DigiumDHCPDeviceInfoExtractor(object):

    _VDI_REGEX = re.compile(r'^digium_(D\d\d)_([\d_]+)$')

    def extract(self, request, request_type):
        return defer.succeed(self._do_extract(request))

    def _do_extract(self, request):
        options = request['options']
        if 60 in options:
            return self._extract_from_vdi(options[60])

    def _extract_from_vdi(self, vdi):
        # Vendor Class Identifier:
        #   digium_D40_1_0_5_46476
        #   digium_D40_1_1_0_0_48178
        #   digium_D70_1_0_5_46476
        #   digium_D70_1_1_0_0_48178
        match = self._VDI_REGEX.match(vdi)
        if match:
            model ='ascii')
            fw_version ='_', '.').decode('ascii')
            dev_info = {u'vendor': u'Digium',
                        u'model': model,
                        u'version': fw_version}
            return dev_info

class DigiumHTTPDeviceInfoExtractor(object):

    _PATH_REGEX = re.compile(r'^/Digium/(?:([a-fA-F\d]{12})\.cfg)?')

    def extract(self, request, request_type):
        return defer.succeed(self._do_extract(request))

    def _do_extract(self, request):
        match = self._PATH_REGEX.match(request.path)
        if match:
            dev_info = {u'vendor': u'Digium'}
            raw_mac =
            if raw_mac and raw_mac != '000000000000':
                mac = norm_mac(raw_mac.decode('ascii'))
                dev_info[u'mac'] = mac
            return dev_info

You should see in the logs (/var/log/xivo-provd.log):

provd[1090]: Processing HTTP request: /Digium/000fd3054848.cfg
provd[1090]: <11> Extracted device info: {u'ip': u'', u'mac': u'00:0f:d3:05:48:48', u'vendor': u'Digium'}
provd[1090]: <11> Retrieved device id: 254374beec8d40209ff70393326b0b13
provd[1090]: <11> Routing request to plugin xivo-digium-

Still in common/, put the code needed to associate the phone with the plugin:

class DigiumPgAssociator(BasePgAssociator):

    _MODELS = [u'D40', u'D50', u'D70']

    def __init__(self, version):
        self._version = version

    def _do_associate(self, vendor, model, version):
        if vendor == u'Digium':
            if model in self._MODELS:
                if version == self._version:
                    return FULL_SUPPORT
                return COMPLETE_SUPPORT
            return PROBABLE_SUPPORT

Then, the last piece: the generation of the phone configuration:

class BaseDigiumPlugin(StandardPlugin):

    _ENCODING = 'UTF-8'
    _CONTACT_TEMPLATE = 'contact.tpl'

    def __init__(self, app, plugin_dir, gen_cfg, spec_cfg):
        StandardPlugin.__init__(self, app, plugin_dir, gen_cfg, spec_cfg)

        self._tpl_helper = TemplatePluginHelper(plugin_dir)
        self._digium_dir = os.path.join(self._tftpboot_dir, 'Digium')

        downloaders = FetchfwPluginHelper.new_downloaders(gen_cfg.get('proxies'))
        fetchfw_helper = FetchfwPluginHelper(plugin_dir, downloaders) =
        self.http_service = HTTPNoListingFileService(self._tftpboot_dir)

    dhcp_dev_info_extractor = DigiumDHCPDeviceInfoExtractor()

    http_dev_info_extractor = DigiumHTTPDeviceInfoExtractor()

    def configure(self, device, raw_config):

        filename = self._dev_specific_filename(device)
        contact_filename = self._dev_contact_filename(device)

        tpl = self._tpl_helper.get_dev_template(filename, device)
        contact_tpl = self._tpl_helper.get_template(self._CONTACT_TEMPLATE)

        raw_config['XX_mac'] = self._format_mac(device)
        raw_config['XX_main_proxy_ip'] = self._get_main_proxy_ip(raw_config)
        raw_config['XX_funckeys'] = self._transform_funckeys(raw_config)
        raw_config['XX_lang'] = raw_config.get(u'locale')

        path = os.path.join(self._digium_dir, filename)
        contact_path = os.path.join(self._digium_dir, contact_filename)
        self._tpl_helper.dump(tpl, raw_config, path, self._ENCODING)
        self._tpl_helper.dump(contact_tpl, raw_config, contact_path, self._ENCODING)

    def deconfigure(self, device):
        filenames = [

        for filename in filenames:
            path = os.path.join(self._digium_dir, filename)
            except OSError as e:
      'error while removing file %s: %s', path, e)

    if hasattr(synchronize, 'standard_sip_synchronize'):
        def synchronize(self, device, raw_config):
            return synchronize.standard_sip_synchronize(device)

        # backward compatibility with older xivo-provd server
        def synchronize(self, device, raw_config):
                ip = device[u'ip'].encode('ascii')
            except KeyError:
                return'IP address needed for device synchronization'))
                sync_service = synchronize.get_sync_service()
                if sync_service is None or sync_service.TYPE != 'AsteriskAMI':
                    return'Incompatible sync service: %s' % sync_service))
                    return threads.deferToThread(sync_service.sip_notify, ip, 'check-sync')

    def get_remote_state_trigger_filename(self, device):
        if u'mac' not in device:
            return None

        return self._dev_specific_filename(device)

    def is_sensitive_filename(self, filename):
        return bool(self._SENSITIVE_FILENAME_REGEX.match(filename))

    def _check_device(self, device):
        if u'mac' not in device:
            raise Exception('MAC address needed to configure device')

    def _get_main_proxy_ip(self, raw_config):
        if raw_config[u'sip_lines']:
            line_no = min(int(x) for x in raw_config[u'sip_lines'].keys())
            line_no = str(line_no)
            return raw_config[u'sip_lines'][line_no][u'proxy_ip']
            return raw_config[u'ip']

    def _format_mac(self, device):
         return format_mac(device[u'mac'], separator='', uppercase=False)

    _SENSITIVE_FILENAME_REGEX = re.compile(r'^[0-9a-f]{12}\.cfg$')

    def _dev_specific_filename(self, device):
        filename = '%s.cfg' % self._format_mac(device)
        return filename

    def _dev_contact_filename(self, device):
        contact_filename = '%s-contacts.xml' % self._format_mac(device)
        return contact_filename

    def _transform_funckeys(self, raw_config):
        return dict(
            (int(k), v) for k, v in raw_config['funckeys'].iteritems()

Then you can create the configuration templates with Jinja syntax. Here are some examples:

Upload the plugin on

First, change the source of your plugins in Configuration -> Provisioning -> General (cf. Alternative plugins repository)

For a development version:

cd xivo-skaro/provisioning/plugins
make upload

For a stable version:

cd xivo-skaro/provisioning/plugins
make download-stable
cd _build
cp dev/xivo-digium- stable/
cd ..
make upload-stable

More details about this in Managing Plugins.